Frequent urination: causes, signs and treatment
Frequent urination is a problem faced both by women and men. About such a problem they say when a person goes to the toilet more than 8-10 times a day. In this case, the emptying of the bladder can be both painful and painless, depending on the disease that caused the symptoms.
It should be remembered that the frequency of emptying the bladder depends on the amount of liquid consumed by a person, and with an increase in the amount of water drunk, it can increase up to 15 times a day. This condition does not refer to pathological, and does not require treatment.
If the amount of liquid drunk does not exceed the norm (that is, the amount that a person consumes constantly), and the frequency has increased, one should think about the possibility of a pathological process in the body.
That is, the disorder can be both functional and pathological.
An important criterion for a pathological disorder is the presence of other symptoms, namely:
- itching and burning in the urinary canal;
- sensation of not completely emptied bladder.
- itching and burning in the vagina;
- pains in the lower abdomen;
- discharge from the urethra;
- increase in temperature, weakness, etc.
Causes of a frequent urination in women
What causes frequent urination in females? Usually complaints about such a symptom, as frequent urination in women, are associated with inflammatory processes in the bladder. Cystitis (the so-called given disease) is a common pathology rare in men, but women often face it because of the peculiarities of the structure of the female urinary canal.
With this pathology, there is a burning sensation, a desire to empty the bladder immediately after urination, there are disorders of sexual activity, pain in the lower abdomen and not expressed hyperthermia.
Also often this symptom is peculiar to women during pregnancy. In particular, frequent urination during pregnancy is caused by increased pressure on the bladder, because of which its volumes decrease. This state is physiological, so treatment does not require, the doctor can only advise a woman to drink liquid in small portions so as not to cause bladder overflow.
If there is frequent urination in women, the reasons may be the age changes and hormonal disorders in the body. If we talk about age changes, then there is a weakening of the elasticity of the muscles of the urinary system, which reduces the tone of the bladder and the woman feels like urinating several times more often than before.
In addition, a decrease in tonus can occur for other reasons – due to childbirth, with diseases of female organs (for example, with uterine myomas).
If we talk about hormonal disorders, they also cause a symptom such as frequent urination in women without pain. In particular, this may indicate a beginning diabetes mellitus. Therefore, if this symptom is present, and also other signs peculiar to the given pathology, it is necessary to address to the doctor.
Diseases and infections can also cause the appearance of this symptom.
In particular, with urethritis, there is an increase in body temperature, a change in the color and smell of urine and even the appearance of impurities in the blood, pain in the lower abdomen, burning and rubbing in the release of urine.
Urolithiasis also causes an increase in the amount of urine released, but, in addition, there will be symptoms such as:
- painless rapid urine excretion;
- pulling back pain;
- colic (the most characteristic feature).
There are other causes of frequent urination in women, and they are the diseases of internal organs. For example, such a symptom can be observed with anemia, reactive arthritis, as well as with neurologic disorders of the pelvic muscles.
The increased acidity of urine can also cause an increase in the number of urges, while urine output will be accompanied by a burning sensation in the urethra. Therefore, when this symptom appears, a thorough examination of the patient is required – a general and detailed urinalysis is always prescribed, and other studies are conducted taking into account the symptoms.
Frequent urination in men: what causes it?
In men, the causes of frequent urination are quite different and are related to the structural features of their genitourinary system.
Frequent urination in men in most cases is a sign of impaired prostate function. With prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate gland) and prostate adenoma (tumor of the gland), such a syndrome as frequent urination is mandatory, and the urine is painful, accompanied by cuts and burning in the urethra.
More men are subject to this pathology in the age of over 50, but sometimes the disease affects young men, especially those who lead a promiscuous sex life.
Another common cause of this symptom, such as frequent urination in men, is the presence of sexual infections. These are infections such as:
It should be remembered that in the case of infections, the urinary tract is affected, and frequent urination is combined with other symptoms (the presence of secretions, unpleasant odor, burning and itching, etc.).
Occasionally, men also develop cystitis, but usually it is bacterial when an infection gets into the bladder.
Pyelonephritis and urethritis also cause this symptom, and the process of emptying the bladder in these cases will be painful and with a small amount of urine.
There are also such pathological conditions, in which there is frequent urination in men without pain. For example, it occurs with diabetes insipidus, as well as with bladder hyperactivity.
Frequent urination treatment
To treat frequent urge to urinate is when they are pathological in nature. The treatment plan directly depends on the type of pathology. For example, for sexual infections and other infectious processes in the urinary tract, bladder and kidneys, antibacterial therapy, anti-inflammatory drugs and symptomatic therapy (antispasmodics, analgesics, antipyretic drugs) are prescribed.
If frequent urge to urinate is associated with natural changes in the female body, special gymnastics and physiotherapy procedures are recommended. With prostate adenoma, men are prescribed both conservative and surgical treatment, depending on the size of the tumor.