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Cancer and oncological diseases



Breast cancer surgery: types of mastectomy

Breast cancer treatment: full mastectomy and breast sectoral resection Surgical removal of breast cancer, depending on the prevalence of the lesion may be organ-preserving (sectoral resection, quadrantectomy, radical resection), radical (mastectomy) or palliative (symptomatic). The cosmetic defect after radical mastectomy…

Breast cancer biopsy procedure: stereotactic, needle, puncture and surgical

Breast biopsy: how it is performed Breast biopsy is a method of diagnostic sampling of atypical breast tissue samples for the purpose of their morphological identification. Breast biopsy is performed to exclude or confirm breast cancer in the presence of…

X-ray mammography: Ductography, Pneumocystography, Imaging mammography

Radiography in mammology X-ray studies in mammology are a group of radiation diagnostic techniques that give an idea of ​​the morphological structure of breast tissue, the presence of additional formations (including those not palpable), their nature and prevalence. X-ray studies…

Cancer antigen CA 15-3 in breast cancer test: normal range and values

Oncomarker CA 14-3 in breast cancer tests The CA 15-3 study is a laboratory test that aims to determine the amount of circulating antigen produced by the mammary gland secreting cells and their ducts. This glycoprotein is an oncological marker…

What is cancer, and how we can prevent it?

Cancer, oncology, tumors – what are they? Cancer is not a single disease but a range of about 200 different conditions caused by collections of abnormal cells dividing uncontrollably. Cancer is second only to diseases of the heart and blood…

Bile duct cancer

What is a cancer of a bile duct? Bile duct cancer is a malignant (cancerous) growth that grows in the bile ducts. It is also known as cholangiocarcinoma and is very rare in the UK. The bile ducts transfer bile…

Kidney cancer: what are the first symptoms?

What is a cancer of a kidney? The kidneys are the main excretory organs of the body, filtering and cleaning the blood, removing toxins and making urine to eliminate these waste products from the body. There are several types of…

Bladder cancer

What is the cancer of the bladder? The bladder is a muscular bag situated in the mid-line of the pelvis at the lowest point in the abdomen, immediately behind the pubic bone. There are three principal layers in the bladder…

Mouth cancer: what are the symptoms?

Cancer in the mouth Cancer of the lip, tongue, gums and floor of the mouth are the most common types of mouth cancer. Less often it involves the inside of the cheeks or the palate. It may also start in…

Esophageal cancer

Cancer of the esophagus The esophagus, also known as the gullet, is the long tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach. When a person has cancer of the esophagus, a growth can be located anywhere along the…