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Adenovirus infection – description: types, causes, complications in children and adults

Adnovirus infection in children and adults

Adenovirus infection is a group of diseases that refer to acute respiratory viral infections and affect mucous membranes of the nasopharynx, upper respiratory organs, eyes, lymphoid tissue, and intestines.

Adenovirus infection is accompanied by a temperature, intoxication of moderate severity. Transmitted by airborne droplets from a sick person or carrier.

It is interesting that the virus of adenovirus infection retains its viability up to 2 weeks at a temperature of 21-25 degrees, is stable upon freezing and can remain active up to 2 years in water having a temperature of only +4 degrees. It is proved that these viruses die under the influence of ultraviolet rays and chlorine.

A person does not develop permanent immunity to such diseases, he can get sick repeatedly several times.

Thus, adenovirus infection in a person goes faster if his room is constantly treated with a weak solution of chlorine and ventilate.
Adenovirus infection ICD has the following codes:

  • Adenovirus infection, unspecified, B 34.0.
  • Keratoconjunctivitis caused by adenovirus – B 30.0.
  • Conjunctivitis caused by adenovirus – B 30.1.

Adenovirus infection also includes influenza, parainfluenza.

Who is more affected by these viruses?

Most often adenovirus infection occurs in children. The most susceptible age to it is the age from 6 months to 5 years. If the child is breastfed, immunity is transmitted from the mother and the course of the disease is facilitated.

Perhaps the appearance of bacterial flora in this infection, in this case, there is a sharp decrease in immunity due to a double attack of the body. In children, the course of the disease is often accompanied by pneumonia, there may be repeated waves of the disease. In the elderly, people with these diseases rarely get sick.

Initial symptoms of adenovirus infection

When the virus enters the mucous membrane, the process of its active reproduction, attachment to the cells of the body, formation of its own DNA begins. After maturation, consecutive manifestations of the disease begin, the intensity depends on the immunity of a person:

  • First, there will be a chill, a feeling of aching in bones, aching pain in the joints, muscles.
  • Then the temperature rises to 38-39 degrees.
  • There is a stuffy nose with secretions, sometimes purulent.
  • Tonsils enlarged, covered with white coating.
  • Lymphonoduses under the jaw and on the neck significantly increase.

Symptoms of laryngopharyngotracheitis in adenovirus infection

Adenovirus infection in adults is more mild than in children. The younger the child, the more vivid the manifestation of the disease is due to the susceptibility of their lung tissue. Symptoms of this infection, affecting the upper respiratory tract, include:

  • Pain or choking in the throat.
  • The posterior wall of the pharynx is edematous and red with adenovirus infection, photos of such a throat clearly show that it is not angina.
  • The tonsils are considerably enlarged in size.
  • The appearance of a cough of different nature (up to obstructive bronchitis).
  • At auscultation of the lungs rattles are heard.
  • Possible spotted-papular rash with adenovirus infection.

Adenovirus infection of the eye, symptoms

Along with the development of the disease in the upper respiratory tract, conjunctiva can also become inflamed in a third of all patients. In preschool children, the disease is difficult with film conjunctivitis, high fever. There is an intoxication of the body, an increase in lymph nodes, including inguinal.

Adenovirus infection in children: how many days does the temperature last?

When multiplying these pathogenic microorganisms in the blood, the temperature lasts from 5 to 10 days. Sometimes it can rise moderately to two weeks. Often there are wave-like temperature changes in adenovirus infection in a child. It can reach high marks for a few days, then fall, and then rise again.

Complications caused by adenovirus infection

This infection is dangerous especially for young children under 3 years old. Such patients may experience complications as early as the third day, so it is important to constantly listen to the lungs and, in case of worsening, urgently seek medical help.

The main complications include:

  • viral pneumonia;
  • encephalitis;
  • muffling heart sounds (in rare cases);
  • bowel dysfunction;
  • otitis;
  • sinusitis;
  • false cereals;
  • kidney damage.

Treatment for adenovirus infection

Most often after a properly diagnosed treatment of the throat with adenovirus infection, coughing and nasal congestion occurs at home.

Food

Specially balanced nutrition with this disease is not required. It is important not to overload the gastrointestinal tract, especially if the system is infected with viruses and if there are complications. It is better for a child to give liquid food for quick assimilation and minimum expenditure of body energy for digesting food.

Medications

Especially in chronic adenovirus infection, the use of medication is required. Experts recommend a comprehensive treatment for the removal of infection from the body in children and adults. It is important to take the following drugs:

To increase immunity, immunostimulants. But do not forget that the interferon based medications should be taken for a certain period, and then there should be a break.

Preparations for the throat of an aerosol (ask in your pharmacy). There are different aerosol drugs, they can have slightly different effects, so ask your doctor for prescription.

Medications for the nose. These are such common drugs as drops, based on seawater with iodine and zinc, and also the others, which narrow the blood vessels and prevent nasal congestion.

Medications for cough. Depending on the nature of the cough (dry or wet), the doctor may prescribe expectorants or sputum thinning drugs.

Dysfunction of the intestine is treated symptomatically along with the use of immunostimulants.

For the treatment of conjunctivitis in children and adults, appropriate medicines should be prescribed by your local doctor.

Folk remedies

For patients it is important to remember that the concentration of infection in the blood gives more vivid clinical symptoms. This can be prevented by drinking a lot of water. You can take vitamin fortified fruit drinks, teas with raspberry, currant, lemon.

It is important to strengthen the body and saturate with vitamin C, which increases immunity. For this, foods such as lemon, onion, quince, grapefruit, apples, and pepper fruit are used to help. These methods give effect with concomitant medical therapy.

Adenovirus infection: how long does the disease last?

Viruses can live in the body from 7 to 14 days with enhanced treatment. If the body’s resistance is reduced and not able to fight the infection, the disease can last up to 6 weeks. But the prognosis is favorable, small children also recover quickly after adenovirus infection.





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