7 causes of hypertension
According to statistics, every second inhabitant of the Earth is hypertensive. Those who suffer from high blood pressure, need treatment with antihypertensive drugs, but sometimes it does not bring the expected result. In this situation, doctors talk about the so-called secondary hypertension, which arose on the basis of one of the pathologies that we want to talk about today.
Violation of the vascular tone
This is the case when hypertension is considered an independent disease (primary hypertension). Examination of a patient complaining of pressure surges includes an electrocardiogram, a clinical study of blood and urine, a biochemical blood test, and, if necessary, an ultrasound examination of internal organs and a chest X-ray.
If the result is a specific violation of the vascular tone, characteristic of hypertension, prescribe drugs that maintain blood pressure at the optimal level. In addition, the patient is selected diet and exercise regime, which will gradually strengthen the walls of blood vessels.
Violation of the urinary system very often causes a rise in pressure. This occurs with difficulty urinating or when the kidneys do not cope with their functions.
Hypertension of kidney origin is characterized by the formation of soft puffiness zones on the face, hands and lower legs. In parallel, there are pain or burning with urination, frequent urges with minimal release of fluid. Analyzes of blood and urine show the presence of an inflammatory process.
In older men, attacks of hypertension can occur with exacerbation of prostatitis. In that case you may want to take prostate ultrasound for check-up.
In any of these cases, treatment with antihypertensive drugs alone is ineffective. The patient needs therapy for the underlying ailment.
Incorrect work of endocrine glands leads to metabolic disorders, which, in turn, cause water-salt imbalance. The patient changes the composition of the blood, the pressure on the vessels increases.
Increase in blood pressure occurs when:
- of Itenko-Cushing’s disease (adrenal cortex lesion that causes excessive release of cortisol and ACTH);
- pheochromocytoma (a benign adrenal tumor that provokes an increased release of noradrenaline and epinephrine);
- Conn’s syndrome (a tumor located in the adrenal gland producing hormone aldosterone);
- Acromegaly (congenital pathology, accompanied by excessive production of the so-called growth hormone);
- hyperthyroidism (increased levels of thyroid hormones);
- hypothyroidism (insufficiency of thyroid hormones);
- diabetic glomerulosclerosis (pathological changes in renal tissue caused by diabetes mellitus).
Each of these states has characteristic signs that occur in parallel with attacks of hypertension.
Any medication that enters the body not only creates the expected therapeutic effect, but also causes changes in the work of almost all organs and systems. Some of these changes are manifested by the deterioration of well-being. It is not without reason that they say that “one medication is treated, and the other is maimed.”
The cause of increased blood pressure may be the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and cough medicines. Complaints about attacks of hypertension are not uncommon in people taking drugs to suppress appetite.
Some common drugs weaken the therapeutic effect of antihypertensive drugs, so hypertensive patients should be careful while taking medications from different diseases.
The list of products that promote blood pressure is great. It includes not only salted vegetables, fish and lard, but also food saturated with so-called hidden salt: smoked sausages, some kinds of cheeses, almost all canned food, meat semi-finished products. It is very easy to overload the body with salt and cause stagnation of liquid, regularly using chips, snacks, croutons, is very dangerous in this respect and fast food.
The increase in pressure provokes coffee, beer, strong alcohol, sweet soda, energy.
The opposite effect is caused by drinks having a natural (without the addition of synthetic organic acids) sour taste:
- light dry wine,
- berry fruit drinks,
- tea with lemon.
Problems with the spine
The cause of high blood pressure may be a malfunction in the upper parts of the spine. Cervical osteochondrosis or the effects of back injuries often cause an increase in muscle tone, which in turn leads to vasospasms; suffers blood supply to the brain and there are attacks of hypertension.
The main pathology in this case is easy to detect by making an x-ray of the spine.
Similar problems arise in healthy people who are forced to spend a lot of time in a wrongly organized workplace. Usually, this is a sedentary job, requiring excessive tension of the muscles of the neck and eyes. In such a situation, the pressure rises in the evening and independently decreases during a night rest.
Primary (independent) hypertension is a disease of adults. In patients over the age of 40, it develops in 90% of cases. In the group from 30 to 39 years, primary hypertension is diagnosed in 75% of patients. Among hypertensive patients who have not crossed the 30-year threshold (including among children and adolescents), patients who suffer from primary hypertension almost do not occur.
According to the norms developed by the specialists of the World Health Organization, a hypertensive person is a person whose blood pressure is regularly higher than 140/90 mm Hg. Art.
However, these parameters can not be understood literally: the characteristics of each organism are individual and the indices of “working” (that is, optimal) pressure are different. In any case, you need to be attentive to your health and go to the doctor if the pressure rises suddenly, dizziness, nausea, unpleasant heaviness in the nape.
With such symptoms you can not joke: they can be signs of a rapidly developing disorder of cerebral circulation.